Symptoms like nausea and loss of appetite, “sensation of fullness” are some of the primary signs of chronic gastritis. Bacteria Helicobacter pylori are a common cause of chronic gastritis. Helicobacter pylori are found in the digestive tract of humans. This bacterium attacks the stomach lining causing ulcers after many years. Consequently, chronic gastritis is very common with senior citizens like Ms. Johnson as it occurs gradually. Bacteria are the most predominant or the most prevalent causes of this disease.
Some of the other conditions that cause chronic gastritis are bile reflux, regular use of medicines such as aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, chronic vomiting, stress, excessive use of alcohol or cocaine. In rare cases, chronic gastritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its individual cells by mistake (Tidy, 2015). Ms. Johnson’s chronic digestive problems may be a result of one of the causes mentioned above.
Bile reflux is caused by the weakening of lower esophageal valve which separates the esophagus and stomach (Tidy, 2015). When this valve becomes weak, there is backflow of bile into the stomach. Bile and stomach acids mix causing inflammation of the stomach lining, gastritis. Ms. Johnson complained of abdominal cramping which is one of the symptoms of bile reflux.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen compromise the mucus on the stomach lining. Acids corrode the now unprotected stomach lining leading to ulcers (Tidy, 2015).
All in all, Helicobacter pylori are a common but not the only cause of chronic gastritis. Ms. Johnson might have experienced a stressful event in her life, used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or her body’s immune system could attack its individual cells. Every possible reason of disease should be checked carefully before starting the treatment.