rudolf steiner education theory
The other dimensions involved in the philosophy behind the education help children to develop a healthy sense of awareness, concern for other people, respect for the world and their own sense of meaning and purpose. The spiritual aspect doesn’t sit right for everyone and, as there is a certain degree of spirituality involved in time at school, it needs to be something you’re comfortable with.
As far as education goes, he strongly believed in the idea of developing the whole person. Steiner first founded a school in 1919 and, as it was for the children of the Waldorf Astoria factory workers, the schools have continued to be known as Waldorf schools.
This developmental picture gives rise to Steiner’s pedagogical approach in practice. The key to preschool education is imitation, not intellectualization. In these years it is primarily through the imitative will that education occurs. The key to elementary education is learning through imagination–through story, myth, art, narrative, and biography–and doing. In these years, human feeling is the primary focus. And the time to exercise and challenge the intellectual intelligence, human thinking, is primarily in adolescence.
In 1900 he was asked by leaders of the Theosophical Society to speak on his own spiritual—scientific research. This led, in 1902, to his being asked to head the newly established German section of the International Theosophical Society. By 1912 it had become clear that the insights derived from Steiner’s spiritual—scientific research led in a different direction than those represented by the Theosophical Society. Early in 1913, those members who wished to follow the path described by Rudolf Steiner established the Anthroposophical Society. Steiner served as the new society’s adviser and mentor. His principal publications during this period were Theosophie (Theosophy) in 1904; Wie erlangt man Erkenntnisse der höheren Welten (How to attain knowledge of higher worlds) in 1904/1905; and Die Geheimwissenschaft im Umriss (An outline of occult science) in 1909.
The first Steiner school opened in Stuttgart in 1919 for children of workers at the Waldorf-Astoria cigarette factory. The school’s benefactor was managing director, Emil Molt, who asked Dr Rudolf Steiner to found and lead the school in its early stages.
Steiner schools are always co-educational, fully comprehensive and take pupils from 3 to ideally eighteen. They welcome children of all abilities from all faiths and backgrounds.
They believed that they had ascended through all the races.
First, I am not clear why Steiner Schools are not considered faith schools.
Yes, though I do give various introductory sessions on Steiner education in earlier years to help students make an informed choice at the end of their second year. I also teach on some mainstream papers like the second-year art paper.
Very much so, Kotahitanga – a picture of holistic development that embraces the spiritual aspect of the child – is fundamental to both.